1. I-Alpha-Lactalbumin
2.Beta-Lactoglobulin
3. I-Lactoperoxidase (LP)
I-4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)
5. I-Lactoferrin (LF)


Kuyini amaprotheni

Amaprotheni atholakala kuwo wonke umzimba — emisipha, emathanjeni, esikhunjeni, ezinwele, cishe kunoma iyiphi enye ingxenye yomzimba noma izicubu. Kwenza ama-enzyme anamandla okuphendula kwamakhemikhali amaningi kanye ne-hemoglobin ethwala umoya-mpilo egazini lakho. Okungenani amaprotheni ayi-10,000 ahlukahlukene akwenza ube yilokho oyikho futhi akugcine unjalo.

Amaprotheni anikeza amandla futhi asekela imizwa nomsebenzi wakho wokuqonda. Kuyisakhi esidingekayo esidingekayo ekwakheni, ekulondolozeni nasekulungiseni izicubu, amaseli nezitho zomzimba emzimbeni wonke.

Ayini Amaphrotheni Amaphrotheni?

Amaphrotheni ama-powders yimithombo yamaphrotheni avela ekudleni kwezilwane noma ezitshalweni, njengobisi, amaqanda, ilayisi noma uphizi. Amaphrotheni ama-protein avela emithonjeni ehlukahlukene futhi ayatholakala ngokwakhiwa okuningi. Abantu bazisebenzisa ukwandisa isisindo semisipha, ukuthuthukisa ukwakheka komzimba jikelele nokusiza ukufeza izidingo zabo zamaprotheni.

Kepha Yiluphi uhlobo lweProtein powder oluhamba phambili?

Kunezinhlobo eziningi ezahlukahlukene zokukhethwa kwamaprotheni e-protein laphaya, kungazizwa kukhulu ngezinye izikhathi. Lapha ngezansi kungumthombo o-5 omuhle kakhulu we-protein powder.

1.Alpha-LactalbuminPhcoker

I-Alpha-lactalbumin Iprotheni enama-Whey yemvelo equkethe imvelo ephakeme ngokwemvelo yawo wonke ama-acid abalulekile kanye nama-amino acid (BCAA), ayenze ibe ngumthombo wamaprotheni ohlukile. Ama-amino acid abaluleke kakhulu ku-alpha-lactalbumin yi-tryptophan ne-cysteine, kanye nama-BCAA; i-leucine, i-isoleucine ne-vineine.

Ngenxa yokuqukethwe okuphezulu kwe-branched-chain amino acid (BCAA, ~ 26%), ikakhulukazi i-leucine, i-alpha-lactalbumin isekela ngempumelelo futhi ivuselela ukuhlanganiswa kweprotein yemisipha, okwenza kube ngumthombo omuhle kakhulu wamaprotheni wokuthuthukisa impilo yemisipha futhi usize ukuvikela i-sarcopenia ngesikhathi sokuguga.

2.Beta-LactoglobulinPhcoker

I-Beta-Lactoglobulin (ß-lactoglobulin, BLG) yiprotheni enkulu ye-Whey kubisi oluvuthayo futhi itholakala obisini lwezinye izilwane, kepha ayitholakali ebisini lomuntu. I-Beta-lactoglobulin yiprotheni ye-lipocalin, futhi ingabopha ama-molecule amaningi we-hydrophobic, iphakamisa iqhaza endabeni yokuhamba kwawo. I-β-lactoglobulin nayo ikhonjisiwe ukuthi ikwazi ukubopha i-iron nge-siderophores futhi ngaleyo ndlela ibambe iqhaza ekulweni namagciwane. I-β-Lactoglobulin ibeka izici ezahlukahlukene ezisebenzayo nezondlayo ezenze ukuthi le protein ibe yinto ehambelana nezinto eziningi zokudla kanye nokusebenzisa okuningi kwe-biochemical.

3.Lactoperoxidase (LP)Phcoker

I-Lactoperoxidase iyi-enzyme yemvelo etholakala obisini lwezilwane eziningi ezincelisayo, kanye nolunye uketshezi lomzimba njengezinyembezi namathe. Isebenza njenge-catalyst, ivusa ama-ionocyanate ion lapho kune-hydrogen peroxide ibe yi-hypothiocyanous acid. I-acid ihlukane nobisi kanye nama-ion e-hypothiocyanate asabela namaqembu we-suphydryl ukuze kusebenze ama-enzymes ama-metabolic we-bacteria. Lokhu kuvimbela amabhaktheriya ekuphindaphindeni futhi ngokunamandla kudlulisela ikhwalithi eyamukelekayo yobisi olungavuthiwe.

I-Lactoperoxidase iyaziwa ukuthi inezindawo zokulwa namagciwane. Ngokusho kocwaningo olushicilelwe kwiJustice of Applied Microbiology, inezakhi ze-antibacterial eziwusizo esikhunjeni futhi zingasusa amabhaktheriya abangela induna. I-Lactoperoxidase nayo iyingxenye ebalulekile ekuhlanganiseni kwezithako ezisetshenziselwa ukuvikela ama-yeasts, isikhunta, amagciwane kanye namagciwane ekukhuleni kwezimonyo neminye imikhiqizo yobuhle.

I-Lactoperoxidase iyi-glycoprotein enomsebenzi omelana ne-microbial, isetshenziswa njengesithako sokuqina ukusiza ukuthuthukisa ukwakheka kokuqina nempilo yeshalofu yempilo.

I-4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)Phcoker

I-Immunoglobulin G (IgG) I-isotype enamandla kakhulu ye-antibody egazini (iplasma), ebalwa ama-70-75% ama-immunoglobulins (ama-antibodies). I-IgG ihambisa izinto ezinobungozi futhi ibalulekile ekubonakaleni kwama-antigen-antibody complexes ngama-leukocytes nama-macrophage. I-IgG idluliselwa esibelethweni nge-placenta futhi ivikela usana kuze kube yilapho amasosha alo omzimba esebenza.

I-Immunoglobulin ingabopha kuma-pathogenic microorganisms kanye nobuthi ukwenza amasosha omzimba, angathuthukisa ukungazweli kohlelo lwabantu abadala.

5.Lactoferrin(LF)Phcoker

I-Lactoferrin iprotheni etholakala ngokwemvelo obisini oluvela kubantu nasezinkomeni. Kutholakala nakweminye imithombo uketshezi emzimbeni efana namathe, izinyembezi, umphuzi ne-bile. I-Lactoferrin itholakala ngamanani aphezulu kakhulu ku-colostrum, uhlobo lokuqala lobisi lwebele olwenziwe ngemuva kokuzalwa kwengane. Imisebenzi eyinhloko kaLactoferrin emzimbeni ifaka ukubopha ngeyokuhambisa insimbi. Kuyasiza nokulwa nezifo.

Lactoferrin kubalulekile ekwandeni kwemisebenzi yokuzivikela komzimba ezinsaneni ezincelisiwe. Inika umsebenzi wokulwa nama-antibacterial kanye nokuvikela izivikela ezinganeni zezingane. I-LF iyingxenye yamasosha omzimba abhekele ukuzivikela ezingeni le-mucosal, ngenxa yokusebenza kwayo okuphezulu kokulwa namagciwane.

Izithako ze-lactoferrin ne-lactoferrin zifundwe kabanzi. Abanye abantu bathatha izithasiselo ze-lactoferrin ukuthola izinzuzo ze-antioxidant nezokulwa nokuvuvukala.

Kwezolimo zezimboni, i-lactoferrin powder isetshenziselwa ukubulala amagciwane ngesikhathi sokufakwa kwenyama.

Izikhombo:

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  3. Ukuxhumana kwe-beta-lactoglobulin ene-retinol namafutha acid kanye nendima yayo njengomsebenzi ongaba khona wezinto eziphilayo wale protein: isibuyekezo.Pérez MD et al. J Dairy Sci. (1995)
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  5. Izinguquko ezihlelekile ku-emulsion-bind bovine beta-lactoglobulin zithinta i-proteinolysis yayo kanye ne-immunoreactivity.Marengo M et al. I-Biochim Biophys Acta. (2016)
  6. Izenzo zokuqhathanisa zama-oxidase amabili ne-lactoperoxidase.Sarr D et al. J Microbiol. (2018) Ukulimeka kwe-Lactoperoxidase kuma-nanoparticles esiliva kuthuthukisa umsebenzi wayo we-antimicrobial.Sheikh IA et al. J Da Res Res. (2018)
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